Obsidian's Dictionary of
is an index to various catalogues of religious and mythological pantheons
I have researched. At the moment, the coverage is quite small, but I intend
to expand it over time. The records linked to below are concise dictionaries of
the various divinities current in the cultures so indicated, and at the
outset, perhaps a brief disquisition on who and what I mean by "divinity"
would be appropriate. I attempt in each archive to note every God and Goddess
I can find a record of, but I also mention Demi-Gods and Heroes as well.
All these entities, I believe, are Spiritual Beings of one sort or another.
I define "Spiritual Being" as any entity having at least some of the following
attributes and characteristics:
in material form (if ever) only in the distant mythological or legendary
If based on an historical character, real
(ie. non-mythological) knowledge of the person very sparse or absent altogether.
(ie. within the temporal context of the culture so named) existent on a
purely or nearly purely spiritual plane of reality.
an awareness of and interest in the concerns of mortal humanity.
certain broadly defined supernatural powers and influences over a particular
sphere of activity, contingent reality, philosophical or emotional state
of being, etc.
generally recognized and accepted by the culture so named as a God, Demi-God,
Avatar, Elemental, Angel, Demon, or other spiritual influence.
Note: The most recent additions and adjustments are
indicated by name after the bibliography...
MAYAN PANTHEON Most recently added to: 11 January, 2002
CELTIC PANTHEON Most recently added to: 1 May, 2009
GREEK PANTHEON Most recently addded to: 07 March, 2004
ROMAN PANTHEON Most recently added to: 07 March, 2004
and EURASIAN PANTHEONS Most recently added to: 30 September, 2002
TEUTONIC PANTHEON Most recently added to: 05 March, 2003
MIDDLE EASTERN GROUP
EGYPTIAN PANTHEON Most recently added to: 27 October, 2001
MESOPOTAMIAN PANTHEON Most recently added to: 11 September, 2001
PEOPLE OF THE BOOK Most recently adjusted: 17 March, 2003
PARTIAL LIST OF SOURCES:
Arrowsmith, Nancy. A
Field Guide to the Little People. Wallaby
Books, NY, NY, 1977
Athanassakis, Apostolos N. The
Homeric Hymns. The
Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, 1976
Black, Jeremy & Anthony Green.
Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia.
Univ. of Texas Press, Austin, Texas, 1997
Branston, Brian. The
Lost Gods of England. Oxford
University Press, NY, NY, 1974
Budge, E. A. Wallis. A
Hieroglyphic Vocabulary to the Theban Recension of the Book of the Dead.
Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co. Ltd. London, 1911
Byock, Jesse L. (transl.).The
Saga of the Volsungs. Univ. of California
Press, Berkeley, 1990
Coe, Michael D. & Mark Van Stone.
the Maya Glyphs. Thames and Hudson,
Davidson, Gustav. A
Dictionary of Angels. The Free Press,
NY, NY, 1967
Gill, Sam D., & Irene F. Sullivan.
of Native American Mythology Oxford
University Press, NY, NY, 1992
Graves, Robert. The
Greek Myths (2 vol.).
Penguin Books, Baltimore Maryland, 1955
Green, Miranda. Celtic
Braziller Inc. NY, NY, 1996
Gregory, Augusta. Cuchulain
of Muirthemne. Colin Smythe Ltd., Gerrards
Cross, Bucks., 1973
Grimal, Pierre. The
Dictionary of Classical Mythology.
Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, UK, 1996
Guterman, Norbert (transl.),
Afanas'ev, Aleksandr (gen'l. editor). Russian
Fairy Tales. Pantheon Books, NY, NY,
Jordan, Michael. Encyclopedia
of Gods. Facts
on File, Inc. NY, NY, 1993
Lurker, Manfred. Dictionary
of Gods and Goddesses, Devils and Demons.
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd., London, 1987
Mackenzie, Donald. Scottish
Wonder Tales From Myth and Legend.
Dover Publications, Mineola NY, 1997 (Reprint of 1917 edn.)
MacKillop, James. Dictionary
of Celtic Mythology. Oxford
University Press, Oxford, UK, 1998
Malory, Thomas. Le
Morte Darthur. University Books, Inc.
New Hyde Park, NY, 1961
Martin, Richard (Editor).
Mythology. Harper Collins Publishers,
NY, NY, 1991
Sturluson, Snorri (Anthony Faulkes,
J. M. Dent and Sons, Ltd. 1987
Santino, Jack. All
Around the Year. University of Illinois Press, Urbana & Chicago, 1995
Schele, Linda, & Peter Mathews
Code of Kings Touchstone, NY, NY, 1998
Scheub, Harold A
Dictionary of African Mythology. Oxford
University Press, NY, 2000
Turner, Patricia, & Charles Russell
Coulter. Dictionary of
Ancient Deities. Oxford University
Press, NY, 2000
Tedlock, Dennis (transl.)
Vuh. Touchstone, NY, 1996
Terry, Patricia (transl.)
of the Elder Edda. Univ. of Pennsylvania
Press, Philadelphia. 1990
Van Over Raymond. Sun
Songs. New American Library Inc. NY,
Hebrew-English Old Testament. Zondervan
Publishing House, Grand Rapids Mich., 1977
Holy Bible (King James Version).
Thomas Nelson & Sons, NY, NY, 1935
Wolkstein, Diane & Samuel Noah
Harper and Row, NY, NY, 1983
ROMAN 13 Dec. 2001 (Added
Angerona, Cardea, Juterna, Latona, Salacia. Adjustments to Consus, Diana
TEUTONIC 13 Dec. 2001 (Added
Anðrimnir and Gullveig.)
MAYAN 19 Dec. 2001 (Added
Amerindian Group, Added Mayan Pantheon, Added to the bibliography.)
MAYAN 11 Jan. 2002 (Added
Itzam Ye and the Witzob. Added to the bibliography.)
CELTIC 8 Feb. 2002
(Added Banshee, Cian, Dáire,
Ecne, Eogabal, Ernmas, Fer Í, Grian, and Mór Muman.)
CELTIC 9 Feb. 2002
(Added Balor, Cúchulainn, and
Fionn MacCumhaill. Expanded Finnguala and Flidais.)
CELTIC 23 Mar. 2002
(Added Druantia and the Gorics. Expanded
Etain and Mider.)
CELTIC 24 Mar. 2002
(Added Nantosuelta. Expanded the God
of the Hammer.)
SLAVIC & ROMAN 27 Mar.
2002 (Added Ai, Akka,
Ilmatar, Jumala, Kaba, Laima, Lemminkainen, Nodotus, Puleh, Ukko, Vainamoinen,
and Vanemuine. Expanded Dolya and Gore)
PEOPLE of the BOOK 09 May
2002 (Corrected and clarified
data for Raphael)
CELTIC, GREEK, & SLAVIC 29
Sept. 2002 (Added Carlin,
Cyhiraeth, the Harpiae, Karpo, Poludnitsa, Thallo)
TEUTONIC, GREEK, & SLAVIC 30
Sept. 2002 (Added Bertha,
Fylgja, Hamingja, Huldra, Krukis, the Kyklopes, Scamander)
LAKOTA 04 Oct. 2002 (Added
Lakota Pantheon, Added to the bibliography.)
HAUDENOSAUNEE 14 Oct. 2002
CELTIC 09 Dec. 2002 (Added
TEUTONIC 05 Mar. 2003
Groa, Orvandil, Skoll & Hati.)
PEOPLE of the BOOK 17 March
2003 (Added Abaddon/Apollyon,
The Beast 666, and the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse)
CELTIC 17 February 2004
(Added Aife III, Dia Greine, Kelpie,
and Maree. Adjustments in Cailleach Bheur)
CELTIC 17 February 2004
(Added a section on the Tuatha De Danaan
and the Four Cities.)
GREEK 07 March 2004 (Added
Cedalion and the Dactyls. Expanded Hephaestus).
ROMAN 07 March 2004 (Added
Angitia, Arkate & Alpinu, Caca, Catha, Charun, Cloaca, Cupra, Februus
& Febris, Feronia, Fons, Fraus, Fufluns, Fulgora, Haruspices, Horta,
Jana, Kulmu, Tina, Turan, Turms, Tushna, Voltumna, ans Zirna. Expanded
CELTIC 01 May 2009 (Added
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